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Career Option In India Essay

The most important decision that a student has to take right after they clear their SSC/HSC exam is choosing the right career for themselves, which would make or mar their professional life. With so many options available it becomes very difficult for a student to make the right career choice wit

The most important decision that a student has to take right after they clear their SSC/HSC exam is choosing the right career for themselves, which would make or mar their professional life. With so many options available it becomes very difficult for a student to make the right career choice without guidance. To top it off, the pressure of parent's, teacher's and peer's makes this decision all the more difficult.

To help the students overcome this problem, India Today Education spoke with Prof. Neela Dabir, Dean TISS SVE. Here are the excerpts from the interview:

Q. How would you guide students in choosing career options?

- The students passing SSC/ HSC receive information on career choices through many sources-- parents, friends, career guidance fairs or seminars, career counselors, teachers etc. But the choice of career is possible if the students does the analysis of many factors- his/her own liking for the field, the eligibility criterion for the course and availability of the same in their own town or possibility of staying in hostel when it is not available in their own place, the cut off marks or entrance test needed, fee structure, availability of sponsorships or loans or government support for the expenses in case the parents are unable to support and most importantly the demand in the job market after completion of the course.

In some places the schools/junior colleges also help the students to go through an aptitude test that can be an indicator for the broad field for which the student can be more suitable.

Q. How can vocational education help students learn and gain experience?

- The vocational courses after SSC or HSC are of two types. Diploma courses offered through the ITIs or other vocational training Institutions or B. Voc. Degree courses offered by colleges or universities in different sectors. Here again it is important to note that most of the vocational courses are offered within the premises of the institutes and there may be a component of internship in a related industry for a short period. One needs to check whether there is a internship opportunity of a longer duration as a part of the course. For example-the TISS-SVE offers all the vocational courses through a Work Integrated Training (WIT) mode where more emphasis is given to on the job training as compared to the classroom teaching. As a result, by the time the student completes the B.Voc. Degree course of three years, he/she has a work experience of three years and therefore they are definitely ready for a job in a related industry.

Q.  Share your insights on current scenario that the students are facing after HSC.

- The number of students passing the HSC examination is increasing every year. But the cut off marks for the professional courses are also getting higher and higher. Those who are high achievers or can pay high fees can get into these professional courses and get a career path. The real challenge is for those who pass with lower percentage and cannot pay very high fees of private colleges offering professional courses.  

In our country, parents as well as students have a mindset of giving a higher status to a Degree. The traditional degree courses like B.A., B.Sc. or B.Com do not necessarily equip the students for a job after getting a degree. Very few can get a job without any additional qualification. The employment scenario in case of engineering students is also not very encouraging. The Aspiring Minds National Employability Report, 2015, indicates that only 20 per cent of the Engineering graduates in India were employable. On the other hand, there is a dearth of skilled workers in almost all the sectors. This clearly indicates a huge gap in the type of education offered and the needs of the job market. In such a situation, it is even more difficult for the students to choose a course.

Students do not opt for vocational courses because most of the current courses offer a Diploma and get them into a blue-collar job without the possibility of upward mobility or getting into higher education. In order to change this scenario, the UGC has introduced a new Degree for vocational courses. It is called Bachelor of Vocation in whatever field it is offered. It has some unique features, which are:

  • The universities/ colleges can design the vocational courses based on the needs of the industry or service sector
  • Possibility of multiple entry/exit. Each year can be independent for certification. After completion of first year, the student gets a Diploma, after second year, he/she is awarded a Advanced Diploma and after completion of three years, the B.Voc. Degree is awarded.
  • This gives a status to a blue-collar job and also an opportunity for upward mobility or entry into post graduate courses if the student wishes to go for higher qualification.
Q. How useful is vocational education from job perspective?

- The vocational education with a component of long duration of 'on the job training', definitely has a higher potential for jobs. However, short -term skill training programs may not be sufficient to equip the student for a job in the related field. Skill development requires long term practical training and most of the technical skills cannot be acquired in a short duration. The TISS-SVE model of vocational education is a Work Integrated Training model where more time is spent on 'on the job training', in an industry or company and comparatively less time is spent in classroom teaching. This kind of vocational courses can have better job prospects after completion of the course.

Q. Which industries value vocational education?

-  Many industries are coming forward to partner in the vocational training of young people by giving them an opportunity as apprentices, trainees, or as students under the National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM) scheme.

The TISS SVE has been able to engage with industries like Dr. Reddy's Lab, LAVA mobile manufacturing company, TITAN, Rockwell, Stride Pharma, Shasun chemicals, TE connectivity, Policy Bazar, Colgate, Marks and Spensor, LIC, Bharati Axa etc. These are some examples where B.Voc students of TISS-SVE are placed for work experience.

They not only give them the opportunity to learn on the job but also give a stipend for the work they do. Thus the Industry response can be good if the vocational training is addressing their needs for skilled manpower. In social sector courses in childcare and geriatric care, students are placed for work experience in NGOs and other organizations having expertise in the related field. This is just a beginning but I am sure many more industries will be willing to engage in the skill development efforts in a big way.

Q. How does a student decide which is the best vocational course suited to him/her?

- The student has to decide a few fields or sectors in which he/she would like to work. Then, he/she should look for vocational courses that are long term, give him/her a certificate from a recognized Institute or University, and have a component of on the job training as a part of the course. He/she should talk to past students or a few people working in the field of his choice and understand prospects or advantages as well as problems of working in that field.

The students should make an informed choice and not take an impulsive decision while choosing a course.

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Are you among the lot with an inborn passion for sports? If your answer is in the affirmative, then sports as a hot career does offers a plethora of opportunities for you. Down the ages, the popular mindset has been that sports are good for the mind and body but it cannot help you earn your daily bread.

Of late, this mindset has given way to acceptance of various sports related activities as viable career options. Other than actually being an active sportsman/ player, the other vocations in the field like sports management, sports medicine, sports journalism, adventure sports, fitness and health clinics and the like, have come to be regarded as full fledged and highly paid careers options.

Sports persons with years of experience are now being offered to work in a related field, such as, sports journalism, sports goods manufacture/marketing or as commentator.

To be a sports person one needs to be physically fit, energetic and enthusiastic. If aspiring to become a trainer or manager, a graduate degree in physical education can be pursued after Class XII (any stream with physical education).

Read: Sports Management institutes in India

Eligibility Criteria

The Sports Authority of India has been constituted at the National level to encourage and develop budding talents in sports. SAI has State level branches to conduct a variety of schemes intended to promote sportsmen.

The minimum educational qualification is a 10+2 pass. Deserving students are offered financial assistance in the form of scholarships and training in special institutions at the government's cost. There are many state level and national level associations and councils set up for the purpose of finding and nurturing sporting talent in the country.

Personal Skills

As modern day’s sports require lot of physical energy and stamina, hence sports persons are supposed to be energetic, enthusiastic and physically fit. Besides possessing ability Patience, perseverance and a sporting spirit, they must also be committed to their games.

Career Scope & Job Prospects

Sports as a profession offers a plethora of career opportunities, some of them are given below.

Once a person decides to take up playing a particular sport or athletic activity as a profession, then the training for it takes precedence over everything else. A strict training regimen under the expert guidance of a coach, coupled with a wholesome and nutritious diet program (again under expert guidance) needs to be followed.

The country encourages and supports those who excel in their fields and bring the country's name into limelight in international sports meets.

Actual performance on field may be short-lived, but a successful stint opens many other avenues for a sportsperson who retires from active sports due to age.

Positions in state level and national level sports organizations are often offered to sports persons after they retire from active sports.

This option has now assumed a greater significance with more and more schools and parents realizing the importance of physical activity. Many parents prefer educational institutions that offer their children a wholesome curriculum covering activities like swimming, horse riding and yoga etc.

As more and more Indian sports persons gain fame and recognition in the international scene, many a parent is willing to let his ward have a chance at proving his mettle in sports. Educational institutions are expected to provide opportunities for students to determine where their aptitude lies.

Therefore job openings in this area have increased manifold. This can be a rewarding and satisfying job for a person who enjoys outdoor activities and mingling with youngsters.

Besides educational institutions, many private clubs employ coaches for teaching groups of youngsters. These may be special vacation batches or even regular evening batches. Upcoming sports persons sometimes employ personal coaches to enhance and optimize their performance.

In this situation, it is the responsibility of a coach to chalk out numerous training programs that will help keep the trainee in perfect mental and physical shape. One star prodigy can help shoot the coach also into limelight.

  • Sports Journalism/Sports Commentating

Those endowed with communication skills can easily become popular like a Harsha Bhogle or Ravi Shastri. With rapid growth in television, newspapers/ magazines and other media, sports journalism has surely surfaced as a highly paid profession.

Now there are numerous television channels like Star Sports, ESPN, Ten Sports, Zee Sports and DD Sports which dedicated to sports programs only.

Besides having an aesthetic sense, an sports photographer should have through knowledge about the sports. Sports photographers are always in demand, mainly when major sports events are held.

  • Consultants (Sports Medicine)

The current awareness about health and fitness has created a need for experts who can advise individuals about their health needs and suggest a personalized fitness program taking into account lifestyle, time constraints and other relevant factors.

Such professionals may be employed in an advisory capacity by leading health clubs. Hospitals and rehabilitation centres also utilize the services of such specialists to provide sound advice on the best course of action for patients who need structured physical activity.

Such specialists also attend to the maladies of the sports persons during action e.g. sprains, muscle pulls, torn ligaments, fractures etc. Physiotherapists are also required in the field of sports to provide continuous and sustained treatment to the injured individuals.

This is a tough job as it requires thorough knowledge of the rules of the game one is refereeing. Their job is to carry out the games and sports in accordance with rules and regulations as set by the concerned governing body various recognized State and national sports organizations employ umpires and referees.

They also reward certification of expertise for the game to qualified umpires and referees. The other tasks which an umpire/referee performs include scrutinizing sports equipment, the ground and enforcing fulfillment of schedules and rules.

  • Opportunities with Private Sector

The increasing awareness about physical fitness and the popularity enjoyed by many games has led to the mushrooming of sports clubs all over the country. From simple ones that offer coaching to ones that are fully equipped to cater to the elites and upper classes.

Such clubs are privately owned and the owners prefer persons with exposure in relevant sporting fields to operate sports and leisure clubs. Such jobs carry many administrative responsibilities alongside.

Persons working in such places need to have excellent interpersonal skills, as they will need to interact with many people who come to use the facilities offered by the club, with various sports persons to be appointed as instructors, equipment suppliers and so on.

  • Manufacturing Sports Equipment

Innovation and experience is an excellent combination and works well in many areas including that of sports equipment manufacture. This is a very specialized field and has new products aimed at enhancing the innate abilities of sports persons and enabling them to do their best.

Big sporting events like the Olympics/Asian/Commonwealth games regularly showcase such innovative equipment, of which many go on to become standard equipment. Sports goods and equipment has an increasing market. So specialists are engaged to help in market research and development.

Read: Career in sports medicine

Pros and Cons of Being in Sports


  • Name and fame once you are start playing for the nation
  • Respect among peers and sporting fraternity
  • Good pay if you are working for a government organization under sports quota. If you become a star, you also get endorsements


  • No security
  • Continue working hard throughout your career
  • Very short career especially if you are playing sports like cricket, football or hockey

Top Colleges/Institutes for Sports Related Courses

1Sports Authority of IndiaLakshmibai National College of Physical Education
Kariavattam, P.O, Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala - 695581
Telephone: 91-0471-2418712
Fax: 91-0471-2418769
2Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE)Mela Road,
Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh - 474002
Telephone: 91-751-4000918, 4000906
3Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education & Sports Sciences
Department of Physical Education & Sports Science (University of Delhi)
Block-B, Vikaspuri, New Delhi-110018
Telephone: 91-011-25593497
Fax: 91-011-25549003
4Ministry of Youth Affairs & SportsShastri Bhawan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi-110001
Telephone: 91-11-23384152
Fax: 91-11-23384152